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Marcus and Rebecca London Family

Marcus Laffette London (1862-1923)
+ Malvina Morris (1863-1889)
Rufus Houston London (1886-1959)
+ Rebecca Louisa Brown (1870-1905)
Austin L. London, born Aug 1889 in Indian Territory
Emery London, born July 1891 in Indian Territory
Tennie M. London, born Jan 1893 in Indian Territory
Coin H. London, born Aug 1895 in Arkansas
Caldona E. London, born July 1898 in Oklahoma Territory
Buena Vista London, born 1901 in Oklahoma Territory
Ruth Florence London, born 1903 in Oklahoma Territory
+ Mollie (nee Bassett) Reed (1876-1938)

When Marcus Laffette London was born on December 1, 1862, in Pilot Point, Texas, his father, Rufus, was 22 and his mother, Buena, was 15. He then married Rebecca Louisa Brown and they had five children together.

1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday. In January Ferdinand de Lesseps begins French construction of the Panama Canal. The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow. Total solar eclipse blackens the sky of San Francisco one day after the funeral of Emperor Norton. In February, Thomas Edison files a patent for his electric incandescent lamp. In March Wabash, Indiana, becomes the first electrically lit city in the world. In May Thomas Edison performs the first test of his electric railway. In October the "Blizzard of 1880" begins in North America. The University of Southern California opens its doors to fifty-three students and ten faculty members. In the November U.S. presidential election of 1880: James Garfield defeats Winfield S. Hancock.

Also in 1880, M.L. London was 17 years old and lived in Cedar Creek, Arkansas with his father, mother, four brothers, and three sisters. (1880 United States Federal Census) The 1880 US Federal Census for Cedar Creek, Crawford County, Arkansas, has a record of the R. H. and Bunavista London household. R. H. London was a white, male, age 39 years, married, farmer, born about 1841 in Tennessee. His father was born in Virginia and his mother in Tennessee. Bunavista London was a female, age 33 years, wife, married, keeping house, born about 1847 in Arkansas. Her father was born in Kentucky and her mother in Tennessee. M. L. London was a white, male, age 17 years, son, single, born about 1863 in Texas. James London was a white, male, age 14 years, son, single, born about 1866 in Texas. Rutha London was a white, female, age 12 years, daughter, single, born about 1868 in Texas. John J. London was a white, male, age 10 years, son, single, born about 1870 in Arkansas. Matta London was a white, female, age 8 years, daughter, born about 1872 in Arkansas. Josephine London was a white, female, age 6 years, daughter, born about 1874 in Arkansas. Ruphus London was a white, male, age 4 years, son, born about 1876 in Arkansas. David London was a white, male, age 2 years, son born about 1878 in Arkansas.

In 1885, there was increasing pressure to open the Indian Territory to white settlement. This prompted the first of seven land rushes in 1885. By the time of the big "Oklahoma land rush" of 1893 America was in the grips of a bad economic depression called the Panic of 1893. This was caused by many things among them were the 1890 wheat crop failure, a run on gold by European investors, railroad bankruptcies, and then a run on the banks by Americans. As a result of the panic, stock prices crashed, hundreds of banks closed, over ten thousand businesses failed, and many farms ceased operation. But, small farmers like the London's who owned their farms were largely unaffected. They continued to grow crops, feed their families, and make a little money on the side.

Also in 1885, in Van Buren, Crawford County, Arkansas, Marcus London married Malvina Morris and they had one son together. A scant four years later in 1889 Marcus' young wife died.

In 1889, on 22 April 1889 one of the Oklahoma Land Rushes took place. On May 28th 1892: John Muir founded the environmental organization - the Sierra Club - in San Francisco. On November 2, 1889, both North Dakota and South Dakota were admitted to the union.

Marcus L. London married Rebecca L. Brown in 03 June 1889. They had seven children during their marriage. The first three were born in Indian Territory and their fifth child was born after it became Oklahoma Territory as the Territory moved toward statehood. Rebecca died in 1905 two years prior to Oklahoma becoming a state.

In 1900, he was 36 years old and lived in Forest, Oklahoma with his wife, Rebecca, 3 sons, and 2 daughters. (1900 United States Federal Census) The 1900 US Federal Census for District 0199, Forest, Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma, enumerated the sixth day of June 1900 by William E. Johnston, has a record of the Marcus and Rebecca London household. Marcus L. London was the head of household, white, male, born Dec 1863 in Texas, age 36 years, married for 12 years. His father was born in Tennessee and his mother in Arkansas. He was farming a rented farm and had not been out of work in the last year. Rebecca L. London was Marcus' wife, white, female, born Aug 1871 in Arkansas, age 28 years, married 12 years, she had five children of whom five were still alive. Her father was born in Alabama and her mother in Texas. Austin L. London was their son, white, male, born Aug 1889 in Indian Territory, age ten years, he was at school. Emry London was their son, white, male, born July 1891 in Indian Territory, age eight years, he was at school. Tennie M. London, daughter, white, female, born Jan 1893 in Indian Territory, she was at school. Coin H. London, son, white, male, born Aug 1895 in Arkansas, age four years. Caldona E. London, daughter, white, female, born July 1898 in Oklahoma Territory, she was one year old.

Marcus' second wife Rebecca died in 1905. On 07 Jun 1906 Marcus married Mollie Reed. She was twelve years his junior. Mollie (nee Bassett) Reed was the daughter of Laura Ann Ratcliff and Burrell E. Bassett. Mollie's first husband was John Thomas Reed and they were married January 1, 1899 in Milam County, Texas.

In 1910, Mark L. London was 46 years old and lived in Wichita, Oklahoma with his wife, Mollie, four sons, and five daughters. (1910 United States Federal Census) In the 1910 US Federal Census for Wichita, Comanche County, Oklahoma, is a record of the Mark and Mollie London household. Mark Is [should be Marcus]London is the head of household, male, white, age 46 years, married 3 times, married for 4 years in this present marriage, born about 1864 in Texas. His father and mother were both born in Texas. He was able to read, write and speak English. Marcus was supporting his family by farming a rented farm. Mollie London was the wife of Marcus London, female, white, age 34 years, married twice, married for 4 years in this present marriage, born about 1876 in Texas. She indicated she had given birth to three children and two were living. Both her father and mother were born in Texas. She was able to read, write and speak English. Osten London was the son of Marcus, male, white, age 19 years, single, born about 1891 in Oklahoma. [His full name was Austin Lee London. He was born 28 Aug 1889.] Austin was working as farm labor; probably for his dad. He was able to read, write and speak English. Emry London was the son of Marcus, male, white, age 17 years, born about 1893 in Oklahoma. Emry was working as farm labor; probably for his dad. He was able to read, write and speak English. Maudie London was Marcus' daughter, female, white, 15 years of age, single, born about 1895 in Oklahoma. [Her full name was Tennie Maude London. She was born 19 Dec 1893.] She was able to read, write and speak English. Coin H. London, son, male, white, age 13 years, single, born about 1897 in Oklahoma. [His full name was Coin Harvey London. He was born 8 Aug 1896.] He was able to read, write and speak English. Donie London, daughter, female, white, age 10 years, single, born about 1900 in Oklahoma. [Her full name was Caldona Ethel London. She was born in July 1898.] She was able to read, write and speak English. Bunie London, daughter, female, white, age 8 years, single, born about 1902 in Oklahoma. [Her full name was Buena Vista London. She was born 28 Sep 1901] She was able to read, write and speak English. Ruth London, daughter, female, white, age 6 years, single, born about 1904 in Oklahoma. [Her full name was Ruth Florence London. She was born 20 Oct 1903.] She was able to read, write and speak English. Willie Reed, step-son, male, white, 10 years of age, single, born about 1900 in Texas. He was able to read, write and speak English. Annie Reed, step-daughter, female, white, age 8 years, single, born about 1902 in Texas. She was able to read, write and speak English.

In 1920, M.L. London was 57 years old and lived in Shawnee, Oklahoma with his wife, Mollie. M.L. [Marcus Lafayette] London, head of household, male, white, age 57, married, able to read and write, born in Texas. He indicates that his parents were both born in Arkansas. He is working as a carpenter in a flour mill. Mollie London, wife, female, white, age 44, married, able to read and write, born in Texas. She said her father was born in Louisiana and her mother in Mississippi. (1920 United States Federal Census)
Note 1 for the 1920 United States Federal Census: Marcus said that his parents were born in Arkansas. Actually his father was born in Tennessee and his mother was born in Arkansas.
Note 2 for the 1920 United States Federal Census: Mollie London was Marcus' third wife. Both of his first two wives have died before the 1920 US Federal Census. Mollie is normally a nickname used for a woman named Mary.

Marcus London died on January 7, 1923, in Shawnee, Oklahoma, at the age of 60, and was buried in Forest Hill Cemetery in Tecumseh, Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma. Mollie died eighteen years later on 10 Aug 1938 in Dallas County, Texas, at the age of 64 years. She was buried in Fairview Cemetery, Shawnee, Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma.



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